The Grammar-Translation Approach
I basically use this method for the Students of university entrance or
selectivity (selectividad) exam in Spain although it can be used for
students who are not really interested in learning to speak but to read and
Classes are taught in Spanish if the students don't understand spoken
English. Elaborate explanations of grammar are always provided.
Grammar instruction provides the rules for putting words together;
instruction often focuses on the form and inflection of words. Reading and
translating of difficult texts and writing essays are begun early in the
course of study. Little attention is given to pronunciation and students
will have done at least ten model exams before the real one.